It is important to detail the foreign aid that Niger receives each year as it represents a very substantial part of its annual budget so there is a very real need for Niger to develop its natural resources in the short term.CFG is making representations to the UK Government to consider providing some aid to fund local community projects to assist those communities to once again become self supporting.
The most important donors in Niger are France, the European Union, the World Bank, the IMF and other United Nations agencies (UNDP, UNICEF, FAO, WFP, and UNFPA). Other principal donors include the United States, Belgium, Germany, Switzerland, Canada, and Saudi Arabia. While USAID does not have an office in Niger, the United States is a major donor, contributing nearly $10 million each year to Niger’s development.
The U.S. also is a major partner in policy coordination in such areas as food security and HIV/AIDS. The importance of external support for Niger’s development is demonstrated by the fact that about 45% of the government’s FY 2002 budget, including 80% of its capital budget derives from donor resources.In 2005 the UN drew attention to the increased need for foreign aid given the severe problems with drought and locusts resulting in the 2005–06 Niger food crisis, endangering the lives of around a million people.
The 2010 famine in Niger
In June to August 2010, famine struck the Sahel. Niger’s crops failed to mature in the heat and famine developed. 350,000 faced starvation and 1,200,000 were at risk of famine. In Chad, the temperature reached 47.6 °C (118 °F) on 22 June in Faya-Largeau, breaking a record set in 1961 at the same location. Niger tied its highest temperature record set in 1998, on also 22 June, at 47.1 °C (117 °F) in Bilma. That record was broken the next day, on 23 June when Bilma hit 48.2 °C (119 °F). The hottest temperature recorded in Sudan was reached on 25 June, at 49.6 °C (121 °F) in Dongola, breaking a record set in 1987.Niger reported diarrhoea, starvation, gastroenteritis, malnutrition and respiratory diseases killed and sickened many children 14 July. The new military junta appealed for international food aid and has taken serious steps to calling overseas help since coming to office in February 2010.On 26 July, the heat reached near record levels over Chad and Niger.
Demographics within Niger
Demographics of Niger
Over half the population of Niger belong to the Hausa,who also constitute the major ethnic group in northern Nigeria, and the Zarma-Songhai, who also are found in parts of Mali. Both groups, along with the Gourmantche, are sedentary farmers who live in the arable, southern tier of the country.
The remainder of Nigeriens are nomadic or semi-nomadic livestock-raising peoples—Fulani, Tuareg, Kanuri, Arabs, and Toubou—who make up about 20% of Niger’s population. With rapidly growing populations and the consequent competition for meager natural resources, lifestyles of agriculturalists and livestock herders have come increasingly into conflict in Niger in recent years.
A Nigerien study has found that more than 800,000 people are enslaved, almost 8% of the population.